Speed of light is 299,792,458 metres per second. The exact latitude of the Great Pyramid of Giza are 29.9792458°N.
Experts estimate that nearly 2.3 million stone blocks had been used to build this massive structure with the average weight of each stone block being 7 tons. Some of the stone blocks were as heavy as 30 tons and some weighed well over 50 tons.
Over time, the size of this monumental structure has diminished somewhat due to the lack of its protective casing stones as well as from environmental factors such as earthquakes. At the time of construction, the Great Pyramid is estimated to have had the following dimensions and specifications:
- Height: 146.5 meters, or 480.6 feet
- Each side: 230.4 meters, or 755.9 feet
- Footprint: 55,000 square meters, or 592,000 square feet
- Weight: 5.9 million tons, estimated
- Blocks: 2.3 million, estimated
- Joint gaps: 0.5 millimeters, or 1/50 inch
- Granite: 7300 mega grams, or 8,000 tons
- Limestone: 4.9 million mega grams, or 5.5 million tons
- Mortar: 454,000 mega grams, or 500,000 tons
The pyramid encodes the fractal speed of light, the precise measurements of earth’s curvature and radius, the sun‘s radius, average continent height, average temperature of earth and other geological, mathematical and astronomical information. A culture so ancient knew about all these information and actually put them together in a single structure is something that is difficult to digest even with the most effective digestive pills ever created by science.
The Great Pyramid is at the geographic center of the earth. The possibility of building the Great Pyramid at that location is 1 out of 3 billion. It features ball and socket construction to deal with heat expansion and earthquakes.
The Great Pyramid is claimed by archeology to have been built ∼4500 years ago but a neighbouring monument exhibits considerably greater signs of ageing. Sea levels were appreciably lower at the end of the Ice Age when Giza was situated at the intersection of the lengthiest geodesic and parallel over land, a record the carving of the Sphinx appears to have commemorated.
The Sphinx patiently weathered a hostile climate until the Great Pyramid was constructed, whose latitude in degrees tallies with the speed of light, c = 299, 792 km/s, to six significant digits. The pyramid’s geometry showcases both π and the golden ratio, φ, with the conjunction π − φ^2 ≈ π/6 ≈ φ^2/5 not only providing a natural basis for the cubit/metre ratio but also approximating the speed-of-light latitude in radians. Its scaling reflects the size of the Earth and its rotation rate.
By relating cubits to metres and days to seconds, this mighty monument quite deliberately encodes the value of c, figuratively permitting the conversion of energy to mass. Parallels exist with a recent analysis of Avebury, which also demonstrates ancient knowledge of modern physics.
The geometry simultaneously encodes approximations for both π and φ, highlighting various relationships between them. The centre of the pyramid’s base lies just 11 metres south of the “speed of light latitude”, indicated here by the red dot, and challenging the history of science.
The Great Pyramid has eight faces.
All the 8 sides are visible only during spring and autumn equinox for less than a minute. Check out this amazing aerial photograph of the Great Pyramid of Giza, where you can see all eight sides (not just four) in clear view. This unique concave feature, which is not visible from the ground, can only be seen in aerial photos or on certain days when the sun hits the structures at a particular angle. Interestingly, this feature was first discovered by a British Air Force pilot who stumbled upon it accidentally in 1940. However, it had already been noted by the English Egyptologist Sir Flinders Petrie back in the 1870s, who believed that it was an intentional aspect of the pyramid’s design rather than a construction error.
The curvature of the concave faces of the pyramid is exactly the same as earth’s curvature.
Giza lies at the intersection of the world’s lengthiest great circle (13642 km) and the world’s lengthiest parallel over land (12734 km), a record set during the last ice age.
Conveniently located near the Nile and a plentiful supply of limestone, the Great Pyramid has experienced little precipitation. The east/west parallel that crosses the most land and the north/south meridian that crosses the most land intersect in two places on the earth, one in the ocean and the other at the Great Pyramid.
It is located at the exact intersection of the LONGEST LINE OF LATITUDE and the LONGEST LINE OF LONGITUDE. According to experts, the Great Pyramid is the most accurately aligned structure ever created by human beings. It is said that the pyramid faces true north with a mere 3/60th of a degree of error. It is assumed that when it was initially raised that it was precisely aligned with the North Pole, the position of which has shifted slightly over time. But this isn’t even the most puzzling aspect of the geographical positioning of the pyramid. Of the two noted values, the latitude is of greatest significance, as the placement of the pyramid north of the equator is the very thing that forces one to conclude the builders knew the true and exacting dimensions of the earth.
Great Pyramid is that it is perfectly oriented to the four points of the compass – only being out by 3 arc minutes – a discrepancy of less than 0.06 percent.
One of the most confounding issues is how the structures became so perfectly aligned.
Although it’s slightly lopsided, overall the square sides of the 138.8 meter (455 foot) Great Pyramid of Giza – also known as the Great Pyramid of Khufu – are pretty damn straight, and aligned almost perfectly along the cardinal points, north-south-east-west.
“The builders of the Great Pyramid of Khufu aligned the great monument to the cardinal points with an accuracy of better than four minutes of arc, or one-fifteenth of one degree,” archaeologist and engineer Glen Dash explained in a study published in 2017 in The Journal of Ancient Egyptian Architecture.
In fact, all three of the largest Egyptian pyramids – two at Giza and one at Dahshur – are remarkably aligned, in a way you wouldn’t expect to see from an era without drones, blueprints, and computers.
“All three pyramids exhibit the same manner of error; they are rotated slightly counterclockwise from the cardinal points,” Dash wrote.
While many hypotheses exist as to how they did this – using the pole star to align the pyramids, or the Sun’s shadow – it’s never been fully clear how these worked.
Dash came up with another, simpler idea. His study suggested that the Egyptians roughly 4,500 years ago could have used the autumnal equinox to achieve perfect alignment.
The equinox is regarded as the moment twice a year when the plane of Earth’s equator passes through the centre of the Sun’s disc, and the length of day and night are pretty much equal.
Previously equinox measurements had been overlooked as a possible alignment method, as it was assumed it wouldn’t provide enough accuracy.
But Dash’s work showed that there’s a way this could have worked – using a rod known as a gnomon
The Great Pyramid is located exactly in the center of all the planet’s landmass.
The British writer Graham Hancock points out that if you were to multiply the base perimeter of the Great pyramid (3,024 ft.) by 43,200 you get the Earth’s equatorial circumference. If you multiply its height (481 ft.) by 43,200 you’re left with the polar radius of the Earth. This number, 43,200, is relevant because it represents the axial precession of the Earth or the way in which it wobbles on its axis. 43,200 is a multiple of 72, which is the number of years it takes for one degree of that wobble.
No one is sure of the exact method, but they were extremely exact. The base of the Great Pyramid is a square with each side measuring 230 m (756 ft) and covering an area of 5.3 hectares (13 acres). How much is that? Imagine a football field. Nearly 10 football fields could fit within the base. It is level to 2 centimeters (less than an inch).
The Great Pyramid of Giza is a replica of the earth that we live on in the scale of 1:86400.
Each side of the pyramid base represents the length of one of the four seasons, and all of these measurements are of slightly different lengths.
The pyramid itself sits on a platform called the socle. When two sides of the socle (All sides are equal.) are multiplied by 86400 the equatorial circumference of the earth is represented. This would be around 24,902 miles.
What is the cubit measure that the Egyptians used for their building of the Great Pyramid?
It turns out that a special adaptation of the royal cubit which is 28 fingers or 7 palms was used. A finger is equal to .01875 meter in the metric system. Therefore, 28 fingers is .525 meter.
Building a pyramid requires a more finely tuned model than is derived from measuring fingers or palms.
The geometry of a circle’s circumference is C = 2 pi r. Pi is 3.1416 and r is the radius of the circle.
The clever architect of the Great Pyramid decided to set the radius to 1. Then the equation for C simply becomes 2 pi = 6.2832.
Next the designer divides the circle into 12 slices of 30 degrees each. 6.2832 / 12 = .5236 meter. This is the cubit measure for the Great Pyramid.
Two sides of the socle base are equal to 15 seconds of the 360 degrees in a circle. If you multiply 60 seconds x 60 minutes x 360 degrees, you get 1296000 seconds. 15:1296000 = 1:86400.
There is no guessing involved here. It is pure science of mathematics.
Orion correlation theory
The Orion correlation theory in Egyptology explains a possible purpose in the arrangement of the Giza pyramid complex.
It posits that there is a correlation between the location of the three largest pyramids of the Giza pyramid complex and Orion’s Belt of the constellation Orion, and that this correlation was intended as such by the original builders of the Giza pyramid complex. The stars of Orion were associated with Osiris, the god of rebirth and afterlife by the ancient Egyptians. Depending on the version of the theory, additional pyramids can be included to complete the picture of the Orion constellation, and the Nile river can be included to match with the Milky Way.
The theory was first published in 1989 in Discussions in Egyptology, volume 13. It was the subject of the book The Orion Mystery, in 1994, as well as a BBC documentary, The Great Pyramid: Gateway to the Stars (February 1994), and appears in some New Age books.
The Orion correlation theory was put forward by Robert Bauval, and mentioned that Mintaka, the dimmest and most westerly of the stars making up Orion’s belt, was offset slightly from the others. Bauval then made a connection between the layout of the three main stars in Orion’s belt and the layout of the three main pyramids in the Giza pyramid complex. He published this idea in 1989 in the journal Discussions in Egyptology, volume 13. The idea has been further expounded by Bauval in collaboration with Adrian Gilbert (The Orion Mystery, 1994) and Graham Hancock (Keeper of Genesis, 1996), as well as in their separate publications. The basis of this theory concerns the proposition that the relative positions of three main Ancient Egyptian pyramids on the Giza plateau was by design correlated with the relative positions of the three stars in the constellation of Orion which make up Orion’s Belt, as these stars appeared in 10,000 BC.
Their initial ideas regarding the alignment of the Giza pyramids with Orion: “…the three pyramids were a terrestrial map of the three stars of Orion’s belt” are later joined with speculation about the age of the Great Sphinx. According to these works, the Great Sphinx was constructed c. 10,500 BC (Upper Paleolithic), and its lion-shape is maintained to be a definitive reference to the constellation of Leo. Furthermore, the orientation and dispositions of the Sphinx, the Giza pyramids and the Nile River relative to one another on the ground is put forward as an accurate reflection or “map” of the constellations of Leo, Orion (specifically, Orion’s Belt) and the Milky Way respectively. As Hancock puts it in 1998’s The Mars Mystery (co-authored with Bauval):
...we have demonstrated with a substantial body of evidence that the pattern of stars that is "frozen" on the ground at Giza in the form of the three pyramids and the Sphinx represents the disposition of the constellations of Orion and Leo as they looked at the moment of sunrise on the spring equinox during the astronomical "Age of Leo" (i.e., the epoch in which the Sun was "housed" by Leo on the spring equinox.) Like all precessional ages this was a 2,160-year period. It is generally calculated to have fallen between the Gregorian calendar dates of 10,970 and 8810 BC.
The base of The Great Pyramid is perfectly level
The Great Pyramid’s base is a perfect square and each side of the square measuring 756 feet. The base spans over 13 acres of land and is big enough to accommodate nearly 10 football fields. With a base length of more than 230 meters (750 feet) per side, the greatest difference in length among the four sides of the pyramid is a mere 4.4 cm (1 ¾ inches) and the base is level within 2.1 cm (less than an inch).
Each side of the pyramid covers an area of 5.5 acres. So for four sides, the total surface area is 22 acres.
The Pyramids Were Jewels
When the pyramid was built, the entire structure was covered with what is known as casing stones. Casing stones were actually limestones that were extremely well polished.
According to experts, some 144,000 casing stones were used. Each of these casing stones had a thickness of nearly 100 inches.
These casing stones were also extremely flat. So flat that in mathematical terms, the accuracy of the stones’ flatness stood at 1/100th or 0.01 inch of perfect straight. The average weight of each casing stone stood at 20 tons.
The casing stones were so shiny that they reflected sunlight in such a way that the whole structure looked like a massive white jewel sparkling in daylight.
Only a few of these casing stones remain today near the base of the pyramid. The remaining were removed after a massive earthquake that took place in 14th century shook the pyramid and loosened the casing stones.
The Arabs then ripped off the casing stones and used them for building mosques.
As far as the beauty of the Great Pyramid was concerned in its full glory, it is being said that the highly polished casing stones served the purpose of gigantic mirrors, which led to so powerful and brilliant light reflections that those reflections could easily be seen from moon. Well, there is absolutely no way of verifying this.
It is because of the brilliant reflections of the casing stones that the Great Pyramid was named by the Egyptians as ‘Ikhet‘ which in English means ‘Glorious Light‘.
each of these stones were cut out at nearly perfect right angles on all 6 sides. On top of that, each of these casing stones were placed with a gap of 0.02 inches between them.
This gap was not accidental. It was rather intentional. The space or gap between two casing stones was meant for the glue that held the casing stones together. Interesting, the technology of the 21st century is incapable of achieve greater accuracy with 20-ton stones than what was already achieved with the casing stones of the Great Pyramid.
Scientists have been baffled by the mortar that was used for the construction of the pyramid. The mortar is way stronger than the rocks that were used and though scientists have actually analyzed the chemical composition of the mortar, they have not been able to reproduce it.
Since the foundations of the cornerstones have a ball-and-socket construction, the pyramid at Giza can withstand substantial temperature fluctuation as well as acts of nature, such as earthquakes, and still maintain its structural integrity. The Great Pyramid is the only pyramid to have this type of construction.
The Great Pyramid is the last of the three pyramids that were built by Egyptians with a swivel door.
However, that swivel door no longer exists in the pyramid. The other two pyramids with swivel door were of Sneferu – Khufu’s father and Huni – Khufu’s grandfather.
According to several reports, the Great Pyramid’s swivel door once weighed 20 tons before the pyramid was broken into for the first time. According to those reports, the door was not just a massive swiveling door but was incredibly well-balanced with a so perfect a fit that once it was closed, there was extremely difficult to know that there was a door in place by looking at it from the outside. This happened because there weren’t any significant crevices or cracks that would easily give about that 20-ton rock slab as a door.
Though the door was incredibly heavy and extremely difficult to detect from out, it was incredibly easy to open from the inside with very little force. It could be easily opened simply by pushing the door from inside using bare hands.
Shafts inside the pyramid were initially assumed to be for ventilation. However, modern research indicates that they were aligned properly for star-gazing at specific stars in the constellation of Orion. An Egyptian engineer named Robert Bauval discovered that the alignment of the three pyramids at Giza matched the alignment of stars in Orion’s Belt; other pyramids represented other stars in Orion’s Belt. According to research conducted by American astronomer Virginia Trimble, because of the direction of the shafts, they were intended to allow the Pharaoh’s soul to reunite with the stars when he died, which would enable his transition to a god.
The so called Descending Passage (that goes down from the original entrance of the pyramid that is placed vertically above the ground level) is pointed towards the Alpha Draconis, which used to be the Pole Star or the North Star during c. 2170-2144 BCE. Ever since then no other star has been in perfect alignment with the Descending Passage.
The King’s Chamber’s southern shaft pointed directly to Zeta Orionis or Al Nitak – a star in the Orion Belt in around 2450 BCE.
Although there is a coffer in the King’s chamber and the pyramid was thought to have been intended as Khufu’s tomb, there is no evidence that anyone was ever buried in it. The coffer is too large to have been placed inside after construction was completed, therefore the coffer must have been placed inside beforehand and the structure erected around it.
Made of solid rose granite, modern-day analysis indicated that the tools needed for construction of the coffer were bronze saws between 8 and 9 feet long with sapphire teeth, as well as a fixed-point drill that used hard-jewel bits; at least 2 tons of drilling force would have been necessary. Another unusual correlation is that twice the perimeter of the coffer’s base multiplied by 10^8 yields the radius of the sun, or approximately 427,316 miles.
Originally, there did not appear to be any hieroglyphics inside the tomb, only a mark that indicated the work crew, and rolls of papyrus, which were discovered in 2013, that detailed the last few years of construction.
The Great Pyramid of Giza Encoded with incredible mathematical, geological and astronomical science.
For example, if the total mass of the pyramid is multiplied by 10 raised to the power of 8 (108), what we really get is the mass slightly greater than the mass of earth.
All measurements of the Great Pyramid of Khufu are in Pyramid Inch. Even the granite coffer present in the King’s chamber uses the same unit of measurement. The base of the coffer has a perimeter of 135.22689251 pyramid inches. Doubling this value and multiplying it by 108 gives us the radius of the sun, which is 427,316 miles.
If on each side of the pyramid, we measure the base from corner to corner as a straight line, we get 9,131 pyramid inches. For all four side, this will measure 36,524 pyramid inches (which is actually the circumference of the pyramid). Well, if we move the decimal point to two places to left, what we get is 365.24 pyramid cubits, which is the exact length of solar year as of modern calculations.
We know that π (Pi) is the universal relationship between the diameter and circumference of a circle. Now, if the pyramid’s circumference is divided by twice the apex height of the pyramid, we get the value 3.14159. This is π. Just in case you are wondering, the actual height of the Great Pyramid of Giza (including the apex that is now missing) was 5812.98 pyramid inches.
It is not that the π is present only in height and circumference relationship of the pyramid. The same has been used in numerous places in the whole pyramid. Not just the Pi, the Golden Ratio or the Phi, which equals 1.618 is also present in the fundamental proportions of the Great Pyramid.
Given the angle of pyramid’s sides versus it latitude, the Great Pyramid casts no shadow at all during the noon of spring equinox.